# Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers :: Passage and Conclusion: part1

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Logical Reasoning Ability Test : Passage and Conclusion QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS :: part1 : 1 to 5

 Directions for Q: A passage is given below followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. Mark your answer as: Opt 1 if the inference is definitely true, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given. Opt 2 if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given. Opt 3 if the data are inadequate, i.e., from the facts given you can’t say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. Opt 4 if the inference is probably false though not `definitely false’ in the light of the facts given. Opt 5 if the inference is definitely false i.e., it can’t possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts. Passage I : In the absence of an integrated sugar-field to sale policy, the Indian sugar industry has become a victim of surplus production and price mismatch of sugarcane and finished sugar. Despite a lower estimated sugar production at around 12.8 million tones for 1996-97 against 16.7 million tones in the previous year, the total availability is put to 20.8 million tones including a carryover stock of 8 million tones from the previous year. Of this the domestic consumption may not exceed 13.5 million tones. Though the industry could export 10.5 million tones to different countries during 1995-96, this year’s export policy, existing norms and international market conditions may bring down the export quantity to half a million tones. 1. India need not import sugar during the next few years. if the inference is definitely true, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given. if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given. if the data are inadequate, i.e., from the facts given you can’t say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. if the inference is probably false though not `definitely false’ in the light of the facts given. if the inference is definitely false i.e., it can’t possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts. ANSWER : if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given. Explanation : Since there has been surplus production of sugar, hence it is likely that India will not require to import sugar during next few years.
 2. There may be a fall in the sugar price during 1997-98. if the inference is definitely true, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given. if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given. if the data are inadequate, i.e., from the facts given you can’t say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. if the inference is probably false though not `definitely false’ in the light of the facts given. if the inference is definitely false i.e., it can’t possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts. ANSWER : if the inference is definitely true, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given. Explanation : . Conclusion speaks of probability of the fall in price for the year 1997-98. It is given in the passage that there has been surplus production in the year 1996-97. Hence, conclusion is definitely true.
 3. India’s export policy has made the sugar price non-competitive in the international market. if the inference is definitely true, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given. if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given. if the data are inadequate, i.e., from the facts given you can’t say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. if the inference is probably false though not `definitely false’ in the light of the facts given. if the inference is definitely false i.e., it can’t possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts. ANSWER : if the data are inadequate, i.e., from the facts given you can’t say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. Explanation : Data given in the passage is not adequate to say anything about the conclusion.
 4. The quantum of current year’s sugar production is close to the envisaged. if the inference is definitely true, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given. if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given. if the data are inadequate, i.e., from the facts given you can’t say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. if the inference is probably false though not `definitely false’ in the light of the facts given. if the inference is definitely false i.e., it can’t possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts. ANSWER : if the inference is definitely false i.e., it can’t possibly be drawn from the facts given or it Explanation : contradicts the given facts.
 5. India’s sugar export was the highest in recent times during 1995-96. if the inference is definitely true, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given. if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given. if the data are inadequate, i.e., from the facts given you can’t say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. if the inference is probably false though not `definitely false’ in the light of the facts given. if the inference is definitely false i.e., it can’t possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts. ANSWER : if the data are inadequate, i.e., from the facts given you can’t say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. Explanation : No data is given regarding the comparative sugar export during 1995-96.

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