# Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers :: Statement and Argument: part1

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Logical Reasoning Ability Test : Statement and Argument QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS :: part1 : 1 to 5

 Directions for Q: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between `strong’ arguments and `weak’ arguments. `Strong’ arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the questions. `Weak’ arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the argument is a `strong’ argument and which is a `weak’ argument. Give your answer as: Opt 1 if only argument I is strong. Opt 2 if only argument II is strong. Opt 3 if either argument I or II is strong. Opt 4 if neither argument I nor II is strong. Opt 5 if both argument I and II are strong. 1. Statement : Should the private companies be allowed to build their own railway tracks and run passenger and goods trains in India?Arguments : I. Yes, this will benefit the passengers and other customers as they will get better service at cheaper rates. II. No, the private companies will compromise on safely aspects and hence should not be allowed. if only argument I is strong. if only argument II is strong. if either argument I or II is strong. if neither argument I nor II is strong. if both argument I and II are strong. ANSWER : if only argument I is strong. Explanation :
 2. Statement : Should India stop spending huge sums of money for producing nuclear weapons?Arguments : I. No, we need to equip ourselves with considerable level of nuclear weapons to ward off any threat from other nations. II. Yes, instead the money should be spent on education and developing infrastructural facilities to boost our economy. if only argument I is strong. if only argument II is strong. if either argument I or II is strong. if neither argument I nor II is strong. if both argument I and II are strong. ANSWER : if only argument I is strong. Explanation :
 3. Statement : Should the maintenance of all roads in the big cities be entrusted to private companies?Arguments : I. Yes, this is the only way to ensure good conditions of the roads throughout the year. II. No, the private companies are not capable of maintaining all the roads. if only argument I is strong. if only argument II is strong. if either argument I or II is strong. if neither argument I nor II is strong. if both argument I and II are strong. ANSWER : if neither argument I nor II is strong. Explanation : . Neither argument I nor II is strong.
 4. Statement : Should India stop exploring presence of hydrocarbons in both onshare and offshore locations?Arguments : I. Yes, these leads to wastage of precious resources as the hydrocarbon reserves are scanty. II. No, we must try to become less dependent on foreign countries for our energy needs by exploring all possibilities. if only argument I is strong. if only argument II is strong. if either argument I or II is strong. if neither argument I nor II is strong. if both argument I and II are strong. ANSWER : if either argument I or II is strong. Explanation : . Either I or II is strong.
 5. Statement : Should there be a complete ban on sale of soft drinks within the premises of all the schools in India?Arguments : I. Yes, this will considerably decrease the consumption of such drinks by the school children as these contain harmful chemicals. II. No, the authorities do not have right to impose such restrictions in a democratic country. if only argument I is strong. if only argument II is strong. if either argument I or II is strong. if neither argument I nor II is strong. if both argument I and II are strong. ANSWER : if only argument I is strong. Explanation : . Argument I is strong because soft drinks contain some harmful chemicals which are harmful to school children. But argument II is not strong because it is not the meaning of the democratic country that we cannot ban on wrong things.

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